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Hardwood Timber Flooring


blackbutt

Black Butt (Coastal) - Eucalyptus Pilularis
Blackbutt is one of the most common species of hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW. It grows in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast up to Maryborough in Queensland.  The timber has a colour ranging from a golden yellow through to pale browns. The colour range is subtle and is excellent where the colour requirement is light and neutral. The sapwood is distinctly lighter than the heartwood.

blackbutt
Blue Gum (Simial) - Eucalyptus Saligna

Sydney Blue Gum is a tall tree, found along the New South Wales coastline extending from Batemans Bay in the south to southern Queensland. The timber is usually straight grained with a small percentage showing some interlocking grain. The texture is moderately coarse. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. The sapwood is typically distinctly paler in colour and is susceptible to lyctid borer attack. Gum vein and gum pockets are common.

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Blackbutt (New England) - Eucalyptus Campanulata

England Blackbutt is sourced from the coastal ranges and tablelands of northern NSW and southern Queensland. On the tablelands it is sometimes found in pure stands, although it is more commonly the dominant species within stands containing other tableland species such as Messmate (E. obliqua), Manna Gum (E. viminalis), Brown Barrel (E.fastigata) and several Stringybarks.  The material is very similar in appearance and properties to Blackbutt (E. pilularis). The colour ranges from pale browns to straw blondes, with gum veins being a common feature. The grain is usually quite straight.

blackbutt
Brush Box Classic - Lophostemon Confertus

Brush Box is a large hardwood which grows from the central coast of New South Wales up to Bowen in Queensland. The tree tends to be found on the edge of rainforests, suited to the moist forest conditions and transition zones between hardwood and rainforest. The heartwood ranges from rich reddish browns through lighter browns and to pinkish greys. The texture is fine and even with the grain usually showing the characteristic interlocking. This is an attractive feature, particularly in exposed/polished situations such as flooring. The timber is free of gum vein.

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Cypress Pine - Callitris Glaucophylla

It is extremely hardy, surviving poor soil conditions and low rainfall. The heartwood is durable with an excellent termite resistance that has made the material very versatile and widely utilised.   The heartwood can range in colour from dark chocolate through to pale fawns. The sapwood is a pale yellow. Cypress is easily distinguishable with its feature of black or dark coloured knots contrasting with the heartwood and sapwood. It also has a distinctive smell which is quite noticeable when the timber is freshly installed or sanded.

blackbutt
Flooded Gum (Rose Gum) - Eucalyptus Grandis

Flooded Gum (also known by the trade name of Rose Gum) is a large hardwood that grows in the moist soils along the east coast of Australia ranging from around Bulahdelah in New South Wales up to northern Queensland. The heartwood is a pink to pale red-brown with the sapwood not clearly distinguishable. The grain is straight and the texture is moderately course and even. The timber often features the work of the scribbly borer. This insect leaves a small trail mark in a weaving or 'scribbling' pattern on the timber.

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Grey Ironbark

Ironbark is the hardest timber of all the Australian species. The most common commercial species is Eucalyptus Paniculata - another species is E. siderophloia.  The heartwood of the Grey Ironbarks ranges from light grey or light chocolate with some darker reds and browns sometimes occurring. Sapwood is slightly lighter in colour. Grey Ironbark may have various regional variations such as the 'Black Ironbarks' around Port Macquarie, which have similar light colours with black narrow to broad streaks running through the timber. Texture is moderately coarse and even.

jarrah
Jarrah - Eucalyptus Marginata

Jarrah is a large sized hardwood found only in the south west of Western Australia. The heartwood varies from rich reds to deep browns, with sapwood being a clearly distinguished pale yellow. The texture is course and generally straight grained although some interlocked grain may feature.

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Karri - Eucalyptus Diversicolor

Karri is known as the giant tree of Western Australia, with examples in excess of 50 metres in height. It has quite rapid growth, and can attain enormous dimensions. It is found in the higher rainfall areas in the south west of Western Australia, favouring light loamy soils of good depth. The heartwood varies from rich reddish browns through to pale pinks with the sapwood being a clearly distinguishable light yellow. The texture is course and considerable interlocked grain may be a feature.

jarrah
Messmate - Eucalyptus Obliqua

Messmate grows in Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. The heartwood is a pale brown with only slight variation. The sapwood is a pale yellow and quite distinguishable. The grain is quite course with some interlocking grain and gum vein being common.

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Red Ironbark

The most common Red Ironbarks are Mugga Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon), narrow-leaved Red Ironbark (E. creba) & broad-leaved Red Ironbark (E. fibrosa). Mugga Ironbark extends from VIC through NSW into southern QLD. Narrow-leaved Red Ironbark is found in the coastal, tablelands and western plains of central to northern NSW and just west of the Great Dividing Range. Broad-leaved Red Ironbark has a distribution from the south coast of NSW to central coastal QLD. The heartwood colour is deep red. Sapwood is a very distinctive pale yellow in colour. Texture is medium and even.

jarrah
River Red Gum - Eucalyptus Camaldulensis

Found along many of the river systems in Australia, particularly along the rivers and valleys of the Murray-Darling river system. The species, given the riverside habitat, is often subject to submersion in flood conditions, and can withstand such conditions for long periods enjoying an enviable reputation for its durability, strength and aesthetics. The heartwood is red to reddish brown in colour with the sapwood being distinctly paler. The texture is moderately coarse and even. The grain is commonly interlocked with frequent gum veins.

 

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Spotted Gum - Ecorymbia Maculata

The heartwood colour range is quite broad from very pale browns through to very dark browns. Some samples may have a slightly orange tint in the lighter variations. The sapwood is distinctly paler. The grain is often interlocked and generally features some 'fiddleback' figure. This wavy type grain may be quite distinctive.

jarrah
Yellow Stringy Bark- Eucalyptus Muellerana

Yellow Stringybark is found in the coastal plains and adjacent ranges of Victoria and southern New South Wales. Yellow Stringybark is the best of the commercially available stringybarks in terms of properties. The heartwood is yellowish brown with a pinkish tinge. The sapwood is slightly paler. The texture is medium and even, with the grain often being interlocked. The timber resembles Blackbutt in colour and texture.

 

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Stringybark (Mixed)

A blend of a number of eucalyptus varieties native to various areas of New South Wales. All are very similar in grain pattern and colour. The texture of strinybark is moderately fine and even with a straight grain. It is generally a light coloured timber ranging from pale yellows through to soft golden tones.

jarrah
Silvertop Ash - Eucalyptus Sieberi

Silvertop Ash is a medium to tall sized hardwood found along the coast and inland tablelands of central and southern New South Wales down through eastern Victoria. The heartwood is a pale brown to pinkish colour with the sapwood being a narrow band and not clearly distinguishable in colour. The texture is medium, often with interlocking grain. Gum vein, pinhole borer discolouration and 'pencil streaks' are common features.

 

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Southern Beech - Eucalyptus Fastigata

More commonly found in southern NSW and stretching up into northern NSW. One of the lightest coloured hardwood species. The heartwood is pale brown, the sapwood pale yellow and reasonably easily distinguished. The colours are similar to those of Messmate. The texture is medium and even, with the grain being commonly interlocked.

Tasoak Classic
Tasmanian Oak

Tasmanian oak is a mixture of 3 different species of timber. Mountain ash, alpine ash and messmate. It's reputation for stability comes from the fact that it is quarter sawn. This process minimises the effect of fluctuations in atmospheric conditions. Tasmanian Hardwood is light in colour varying from straw to a reddish brown with intermediate shades of cream to pink.

 

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Tallowwood - Eucalyptus Microcorys

Tallowwood is a large hardwood found along the coast and coastal ranges between the Hunter River in New South Wales up to the Maryborough district of Queensland.  The heartwood is a greyish-yellow colour with tinges of olive green and is a hard, fairly close-grained timber. The sapwood is distinctly paler. The timber is free of gum vein, something quite rare in eucalypts.

Tasoak Classic
Turpentine - Syncarpia Glomulifera

Turpentine is a large sized tree which grows predominantly along the east coast of Australia from Sydney to far north Cairns in Queensland. The heartwood is a reddish brown pale colour with the sapwood being distinctly lighter in colour. The texture is generally fine and even with the grain having characteristic interlocking. The timber is free of gum vein.

 

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Victorian Ash

Victorian Ash is the collective name given to two almost identical eucalypt species: Mountain Ash and Alpine Ash. Found in Victoria and Tasmania. The timber is close grained and even in texture. Colour is a light blond tone.

Tasoak Classic
White Mahogany - Eucalyptus Acmenoides

White Mahogany is a medium to large hardwood found along the coastal plains and adjacent ranges of the east coast, ranging from Sydney to central Queensland. The heartwood is pale coloured, hard, close grained and heavy. The grain is also typically interlocked. The sapwood is only a very narrow band around the tree, and is slightly paler in colour. Texture is medium and even.